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This galley proof is being listed electronically before publishing the final manuscript (It's not final version).

 
CRISPR system for genome engineering: the application for autophagy study
Jianzhou Cui1, Shirley Jia Li Chew1, Yin Shi1, Zhiyuan Gong1, Han-Ming Shen1,*
1Department of Physiology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore,
2Department of Biological Sciences and 3NUS Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Abstract
CRISPR/Cas9 is the latest tool introduced in the field of genome engineering and is so far the best genome-editing tool as compared to its precedents such as, meganucleases, zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) and transcription activator-like effectors (TALENs). The simple design and assembly of the CRISPR/Cas9 system makes genome editing easy to perform as it uses small guide RNAs that correspond to their DNA targets for high efficiency editing. This has helped open the doors for multiplexible genome targeting in many species that were intractable using old genetic perturbation techniques. Currently, The CRISPR system is revolutionizing the way biological researches are conducted and paves a bright future not only in research but also in medicine and biotechnology. In this review, we evaluated the history, types and structure, the mechanism of action of CRISPR/Cas System. In particular, we focused on the application of this powerful tool in autophagy research.
Abstract, Accepted Manuscript(in press) [Submitted on March 14, 2017, Accepted on March 14, 2017]
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