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C-terminal Truncated HBx Reduces Doxorubicin Cytotoxicity via ABCB1 Upregulation in Huh-7 Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells
Yung-Jin Kim1,*, Myeong-Eun Jegal1,#, Seung-Youn Jung1,2,#, Yu-seon Han1
1Molecular Biology, Pusan National University,
2Division of Applied Radiation Bioscience, Korea Institute of Radiological & Medical Sciences
Abstract
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) encoding the HBV x protein (HBx) is a known causative agent of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Its pathogenic activities in HCC include interference with several signaling pathways that are associated with cell proliferation and apoptosis. Mutant C-terminal-truncated HBx isoforms are frequently found in human HCC and have been shown to enhance proliferation and invasiveness leading to HCC malignancy. We investigated the molecular mechanism of the reduced doxorubicin cytotoxicity by C-terminal truncated HBx. Cells transfected with C-terminal truncated HBx exhibited reduced cytotoxicity to doxorubicin compared to those transfected with full-length HBx. Doxorubicin resistance of the cells expressing C-terminal truncated HBx correlated with the upregulation of the transporter, ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1(ABCB1), which results in enhanced efflux of doxorubicin. Inhibiting the activity of ABCB1 and silencing ABCB1 expression by small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) increased cytotoxicity of doxorubicin. These results indicated that elevated ABCB1 expression induced by C-terminal truncation of HBx was responsible for doxorubicin resistance in HCC. Hence, co-treatment with an ABCB1 inhibitor and anticancer agent may be effective for the treatment of patients with liver cancer containing the C-terminal truncated HBx.
Abstract, Accepted Manuscript(in press) [Submitted on December 20, 2018, Accepted on March 12, 2019]
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