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Patient-specific pluripotent stem cell-based Parkinson’s disease models showing endogenous alpha-synuclein aggregation
Yohan Oh1,*
1Department of Medicine, College of Medicine and 2Graduate School of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea
Abstract
After the first research declaring the generation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) in 2007, several attempts have been made to model neurodegenerative disease in vitro during the past decade. Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder, which is mainly characterized by motor dysfunction. The formation of unique and filamentous inclusion bodies called Lewy bodies (LBs) is the hallmark of both PD and dementia with LBs. The key pathology in PD is generally considered to be the alpha-synuclein (メ-syn) accumulation, although it is still controversial whether this protein aggregation is a cause or consequence of neurodegeneration. In the present work, the recently published researches which recapitulated the メ-syn aggregation phenomena in sporadic and familial PD hiPSC models were reviewed. Furthermore, the advantages and potentials of using patient-derived PD hiPSC with focus on メ-syn aggregation have been discussed.
Abstract, Accepted Manuscript [Submitted on May 16, 2019, Accepted on May 16, 2019]
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