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Untold story of human cervical cancers: HPV-negative cervical cancer
Tae-Hyung Kim 1,5,*,# (Professor), Jae-Eun Lee2 (College student), Yein Chung3 (High school student), Siyeon Rhee 4,# (Instructor)
1Pathology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center,
2Biomedical Science, University of Sheffield,
3St. Benedict Catholic Secondary School,
4Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine,
5Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center
Abstract
Cervical cancer is the fourth most common malignancy in women worldwide. Although infection from Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been the leading cause of cervical cancer, HPV-negative cervical cancers account for approximately 3-8% of all cases. Previous research in the field of cervical cancer focused on HPV-positive cervical cancer due to its prevalence, resulting in HPV-negative cervical cancer receiving considerably less attention. As a result, HPV-negative cervical cancer is poorly understood and its etiology remains elusive, mainly due to limitations in research methodology such as lack of defined markers and model systems. Moreover, false HPV negativity can arise from inaccurate diagnostic methods, which also hinders the progress of research on HPV-negative cervical cancer. Since HPV-negative cervical cancer is associated with worse clinical features, greater attention is required to understand HPV-negative carcinoma. In this review, we provide a summary of the knowledge gaps and current limitations of HPV-negative cervical cancer research based on the current clinical statistics. We also discuss the future directions for understanding the pathogenesis of HPV independent cervical cancer.
Abstract, Accepted Manuscript(in press) [Submitted on March 1, 2022, Accepted on June 14, 2022]
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