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Stress Granules Dynamics: Benefits in Cancer
Sim Namkoong 1,* (Assistant Professor), Jeong In Lee 1 (Graduate student)
1Department of Biochemistry, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 24341, Republic of Korea
Stress granules (SGs) are stress-induced subcellular compartments, which carry out a particular function to cope with stress. These granules protect cells from stress-related damage and cell death through dynamic sequestration of numerous ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) and signaling proteins, thereby promoting cell survival under both physiological and pathological condition. During tumorigenesis, cancer cells are repeatedly exposed to diverse stress stimuli from the tumor microenvironment, and the dynamics of SGs is often modulated due to the alteration of gene expression patterns in cancer cells, leading to tumor progression as well as resistance to anticancer treatment. In this mini review, we provide a brief discussion about our current understanding of the fundamental roles of SGs during physiological stress and the effect of dysregulated SGs on cancer cell fitness and cancer therapy.
Abstract, Accepted Manuscript(in press) [Submitted on September 13, 2022, Accepted on October 17, 2022]
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