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This galley proof is being listed electronically before publishing the final manuscript (It's not final version).

Distinct sets of lysosomal genes define synucleinopathy and tauopathy
Kyu Won Oh1,# (Graduate student), Dong-Kyu Kim1,4,# (Research worker), Allen Hsu2 (Professor), Seung-Jae Lee1,3,* (Professor)
1Department of Biomedical Sciences, Seoul National University College of Medicine,
2Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University,
3Neuramedy Co. Ltd,
4Center for Convergence Research of Neurological Disorders, Ajou University School of Medicine
Neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by distinct protein aggregates, such as those of メ-synuclein and tau. Lysosomal defect is a key contributor of the accumulation and propagation of aberrant protein aggregates in these diseases. The discoveries of common proteinopathies in multiple forms of lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) and the identification of some LSD genes as susceptible genes for those proteinopathies suggest causative links between LSDs and the proteinopathies. The present study hypothesized that defects in lysosomal genes will differentially affect the propagation of メ-synuclein and tau proteins, thereby determining a specific proteinopathy to progress. We established an imaging based high-contents screening (HCS) system in Caenorhabditis elegans (C.elegans) model by which propagation of a-synuclein or tau is measured by fluorescence intensity. Using this system, we performed RNA interference (RNAi) screening to induce a wide range of lysosomal malfunction through knocking down 79 LSD genes and to obtain the candidate genes with the significant change in protein propagation. While some LSD genes commonly affected both メ-synuclein and tau propagation, our study identified the distinct sets of LSD genes, which differentially regulate the propagation of either メ-synuclein or tau. The specificity and efficacy of these LSD genes were retained in the disease-related phenotypes, such as pharyngeal pumping behavior and life span. This study suggests that distinct lysosomal genes differentially regulate the propagation of メ-synuclein and tau, and will provide a steppingstone to understand disease specificity.
Abstract, Accepted Manuscript(in press) [Submitted on June 27, 2023, Accepted on September 11, 2023]
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